PCOD – Polycystic Ovarian Disease – A Threat or Not!
Women face a number of gynecological health issues and PCOD is one of them!
Polycystic Ovarian Disease, commonly known as PCOD or PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is a common medical condition that affects 5-10% of women in the age group of 12-45 years.
The major cause of PCOD is hormonal imbalance, which causes menstrual cycle issues and infertility.
The comprehensible signs of PCOD can be accounted as follows:
- No Ovulation
- Irregular Periods
If not treated properly, PCOD can also lead to:
- Insulin Resistant Diabetes
- High Cholesterol Leading to Heart Disease
- Breast Cancer
Their cause for the occurrence of PCOD that explain the disorder. Usually, the ovaries of a female produce female sex hormones called oestrogen and progesterone and some male sex hormones too, which are called androgens. These female and male sex hormones regulate the normal development of eggs in the ovaries during the course of menstruation in a woman. If an imbalance occurs in these hormones, it gives birth to PCOD. In this condition, the ovaries start producing more androgens, which causes the termination of ovulation process, acne formations, increased facial and body hair.
Another problem that occurs in PCOD is the cysts in ovaries. To understand, this can be related like this. Follicles are sacs within the ovaries that contain eggs. Normally, one or more eggs are released during each menstrual cycle. This is called ovulation. In polycystic ovary syndrome, the eggs in these follicles do not mature and are not released from the ovaries. Instead, they can form very small cysts in the ovary, hence the name polycystic ovaries.
PCOD is inherited, so the chance of having it is higher if other women in the family is already suffering from the disorder, irregular periods, or diabetes.