Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD)
Increased hair growth, acne, weight gain, skin tags, fatty liver and high cholesterol, polycystic ovaries, an irregular menstrual cycle, infertility, Sounds familiar, doesn’t it? You are suffering with Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD), also known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), a condition which affects 5% to 10% of women of the age group 12–45 years. It is a problem in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance.
If left untreated it leads to insulin resistant diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol leading to heart disease and issues with ovulation.
Insulin is an important hormone as it transports sugar from the blood into the muscles of the body, allowing the body to effectively make use of the energy from glucose. High insulin levels wreak havoc on the body, leading to a lot of the symptoms of PCOS as mentioned above.
Obesity can aggravate PCOD because fatty tissues are hormonally active and they produce estrogen which disrupts ovulation. Overactive adrenal glands can also produce excess androgens, and these may also contribute to PCOD
There is a question when women or mothers ask that what do you mean by Polycystic ovaries.
Follicles are sacs within the ovaries that contain eggs. Normally, one or more eggs are released during each menstrual cycle. This is called ovulation. In polycystic ovary syndrome, the eggs in these follicles do not mature and are not released from the ovaries. Instead, they can form very small cysts in the ovary-. hence the name polycystic ovaries. In other words patients suffering from a polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) have multiple small cysts in their ovaries (the word poly means many). These cysts occur when the regular changes of a normal menstrual cycle are disrupted. The ovary is enlarged, and produces excessive amounts of androgen and estrogenic hormones. This excess, along with the absence of ovulation, may cause infertility.