THYROID – “The master gland”


People mostly wonder that why we are putting on weight even though we are eating less or perfectly right food with the help of sources available and still we are not losing weight. It is very important for everyone to understand what is thyroid and how it affects your body and why diet for thyroid is important for this.

Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. In one way or another, your thyroid is connected to the way every organ in your body functions.  it plays important roles to regulate numerous metabolic processes throughout the body i.e. it regulates your metabolism, temperature, heartbeat and more. It works as a silent workhorse mostly. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are the two conditions that affect how an improperly working thyroid might cause symptoms throughout the body.

HYPOTHYROIDISM An underactive thyroid—when the gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone (TH).

Some common causes of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Graves’ Disease- Graves’ disease, which is caused by a generalized overactivity of the thyroid gland, is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. In this condition, the thyroid gland usually is renegade, which means it has lost the ability to respond to the normal control by the pituitary gland via TSH.
  • Functioning adenoma and toxic multinodular goiter (TMNG)
  • Excessive intake of thyroid hormones
  • Abnormal secretion of TSH
  • Thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland)
  • Excessive iodine intake
Diet for Thyroid
Diet for Thyroid

Common symptoms


  • Changes in the menstrual cycle
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Dry hair and hair loss
  • Dry skin
  • Fatigue
  • Greater sensitivity to cold
  • Slow heart rate
  • Swelling of the thyroid gland (goiter)
  • Unexplained weight gain or difficulty losing weight

HYPERTHYROIDISM– Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which an overactive thyroid gland is producing an excessive amount of thyroid hormones that circulate in the blood. Normally, the rate of thyroid hormone production is controlled by the brain from the pituitary gland, which is in turn regulated by the hypthalamus.

The symptoms usually are related to an increase in the metabolic rate of the body. Common symptoms include:

  • Excessive sweating
  • Heat intolerance
  • Increased bowel movements
  • Tremor (usually fine shaking)
  • Nervousness, agitation, anxiety
  • Rapid heart rate, palpitations, irregular heart rate
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue, weakness
  • Decreased concentration
  • Irregular and scant menstrual flow
  • Fine or brittle hair
  • Thinning skin
  • Sleep disturbances
  • In older patients, irregular heart rhythms and heart failure can occur.
  • In its most severe form, untreated hyperthyroidism may result in “thyroid storm,” a condition involving high blood pressure, fever, and heart failure. Mental changes, such as confusion and delirium, also may result.

Other factors affecting thyroid functioning are Stress. Stress impacts hormones and is known to worsen inflammation. The thyroid gland helps regulate chemical messengers called neurotransmitters, which control your emotions and nerve signaling. This is the reason an out-of-balance thyroid can mean drastic emotional changes at times. In other words Stress raise levels of cortisol and adrenaline, which disturbs neurotransmitter function and worsens symptoms of thyroid disease. These include low energy levels, poor mood, low concentration, disturbed appetite and weight gain and the inability to get restful sleep.

Then comes inactivity and lack of exercise. Exercise and a healthy diet are important for controlling chronic stress and managing hormone-related neurological function. People who regularly exercise usually get better sleep, deal with stress better and more often maintain a healthier weight, all of which reduce some of the biggest risk factors and symptoms associated with hypothyroidism.

In addition to producing crucial hormones, it helps control the process of turning nutrients from food into usable energy on which the body runs. Because the thyroid plays such a major part in your metabolism.

The first step in natural treatment of thyroidism is to eliminate the causes of thyroid dysfunction, such as inflammation, overuse of medications, nutrient deficiencies and changes in hormones due to stress. There are medications commonly prescribed to limit the activity of the thyroid. Surgery may also be recommended as a last resort to remove all or part of the thyroid.

The hypothyroidism diet eliminates foods that can cause inflammation and immune reactions and instead focuses on foods that help heal the GI tract, balance hormones and also focus on thyroid-supporting supplements and essential oils can help to make a big difference.Along with taking your thyroid medication, you can bolster thyroid function with a well-balanced diet

To diagnose thyroid diseases, doctors use a medical history, physical exam, and thyroid tests. your doctor will run blood tests to check for levels of the hormones known as T4 (thyroxine) and TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone). Hypothyroidism is diagnosed when TSH is high. Sometimes, TSH can be high, but the thyroid is still producing enough hormones. This condition is referred to as subclinical (or mild) hypothyroidism.

Mild hypothyroidism is usually the early stage. It can progress to hypothyroidism if a hypothyroidism diet isn’t adopted and lifestyle changes aren’t made. When the condition isn’t corrected, more severe autoimmune reactions can occur — this can cause worsened problems like impaired brain function, infertility, unhealthy pregnancy, obesity, heart complications and joint pain.

Diet for Thyroid

Lymphocytic thyroiditis is most common after a pregnancy and can actually occur in up to 8% of women after delivery. In these cases, the hyperthyroid phase can last from 4 to 12 weeks and is often followed by a hypothyroid (low thyroid output) phase that can last for up to 6 months. The majority of affected women return to a state of normal thyroid function.It is important to note that thyroid also affects expecting mothers. During or following pregnancy, although it’s not exactly known why, some women begin to produce very high levels of thyroid hormones, followed by a very rapid decline. This condition is known as postpartum thyroiditis. The symptoms often disappear within 12–18 months but can also lead to permanent hypothyroidism.

Therefore, Genetics, an autoimmune condition, stress, and environmental toxins can all mess with your thyroid—and so can your diet, one factor you can completely control is correct diet. Here are the foods that will help keep your thyroid humming along, as well as some that won’t.

To know more about Thyroid and how diet for Thyroid can help relieve many symptoms, consult Dt. Gurleen Kaur, top nutritionist in Delhi: 9810016415

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